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…from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 The Reverend J O L Spracklin, a Methodist minister from Windsor, Ontario, noted for his involvement with Prohibition issues. Spracklin shot and killed a man who was engaged in the illicit liquor trade and was later acquitted of manslaughter, after which experience he decided to emigrate to the United States.

In 1918 the Reverend J O L Spracklin took up the pastoral charge of Sandwich Methodist Church, Windsor. He was noted for the eloquence of his rhetorical style.

Spracklin’s ministry occurred during a period when Prohibition – especially promoted by the United Farmers of Ontario’ Provincial Government – was regarded as a pressing issue by Spracklin and many of his parishioners and supporters.

Dubious supporters

These supporters included the brothers W H Hallam and S M Hallam, who, in the Windsor area, were known less for their religious observance than for their muscular activities in support of questionable causes. The Messrs. Hallam thus joined the Reverend J O L Spracklin in Ontario Attorney-General William Raney’s Prohibition enforcement team; this varied component was subsequently to cause Attorney-General Raney considerable embarrassment.

Geographical context of the Detroit River to Spracklin’s ministry

The proximity of the United States’ border to the Sandwich suburb of Windsor, Ontario, where Spracklin fulfilled his ministry, and the huge cross-border trade – legal and illicit – gave heightened focus to the concerns and activities of Spracklin and his zealous followers. This proximity undoubtedly bore relevance also to Spracklin’s eventual emigration.

Prohibition controversies and events of 1920

On August 26, 1920, the cruiser Eugenia, was stopped in the Detroit River after the speedboat Panther II, with the Reverend J O L Spracklin and his associate W H Hallam on board, fired on the cruiser; nine men were arrested and accused of attempting to smuggle whiskey into the US.

It was reported also on August 27, 1920 that Spracklin had accused the mayor of Amherstburg, Dr. W. Fred Park, of harbouring large quantities of alcohol; Mayor Park was subsequently fined $1000.00.[3]

Ministerial benevolence doubted

It was claimed that the pastor was not distinguishing between his spiritual and alcohol inspection duties.

Complaints abounded. To sceptics, his enforcers seemed not to act with adequate restraint or oversight. A Windsor, Ontario lawyer alleged that the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s men would arbitrarily fill in blank search warrants at will.

Distrusts even his own parishoners

It was also claimed that Spracklin showed excessive zeal, and that this extended to his own parishioners. The attention of these the Reverend J O L Spracklin would engage while preaching in the interior of Sandwich Methodist Church; meanwhile, outside the building, his uninhibited associates would surreptitiously search his parishioners’ cars at random.

Pastor’s wife escapes spray of bullets

On Halloween night, 1920, Mrs. Spracklin narrowly escaped death when the Spracklins’ manse was sprayed with bullets. At the time it was assumed that this violent incident was perpetrated on the behalf of persons in the illicit liquor trade disadvantaged by the Reverend J O L Spracklin and his men; this assumption was never seriously questioned.[5] It subsequently proved to be pivotal but somewhat obscure to establish whether this traumatic event led to later actions on the part of her husband.

Manslaughter charge and trial

On November 6, 1920, Spracklin, as part of Ontario Attorney-General Raney’s Prohibition enforcement team, shot and killed Beverly Trumble, proprietor of the Chappell House hotel, who was engaged in illicit trade in liquor,[6] and in whose hand the Reverend J O L Spracklin later claimed to have seen a gun. However, any direct linkage between the occurrence of this violent death only a few days after Mrs. Spacklin’s alarming experience on Halloween Night remained unclear.

Acquittal

At his subsequent trial, Spracklin was acquitted of manslaughter.

The transparency of the process by which the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s acquittal emerged was evidently called into question by some, since this verdict was met with considerable surprise in some quarters.

Widespread comment evoked by the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s fate

Much discussion and comment ensued following the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s trial and acquittal. The fact that historical records of the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s actions on November 6, 1920 differ in emphasis underlines the controversy which arose from the series of events leading to his acquittal.

Varying opinions asserted

The tenor of one historical account is suggestive that Spracklin should have been charged with murder rather than of the manslaughter of which he was eventually acquitted.[7]

Other descriptions seek to stress that the evidence should be interpreted as indicating that Spracklin acted in self-defence.[6]

Later life

In 1921 the Reverend J O L Spracklin relinquished his pastoral charge at Sandwich Methodist Church. His resignation appears to have occurred without another parish charge having been made available to him. Following the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s resignation, the nature of his pastoral work underwent changes.

Development of itinerant ministry and emigration

The ministerial vocation of Spracklin thus evidenced significant development in its emphasis into itinerant activities in place of localized, parish ministry.

He later emigrated to the United States, and there he continued with his personal mission of campaigning for the anti-liquor cause.

Promotion of Anti-Saloon League in the US

In the US, the Reverend J O L Spracklin’s ministry involved significant travel. His efforts were considerably directed towards the promotion of the Anti-Saloon League.

Spracklin thus itinerated as a visiting speaker to local churches on the League’s behal

Legacy

By general consent, the conjunction of events around the Canadian period of Spracklin’s ministry related to the particularly excessive zeal of the Prohibition era in Ontario, when the ideas and aims of the soon to be eclipsed United Farmers of Ontario were prominent.

The Reverend J O L Spracklin’s vigorously vocal ministry at least superficially resembles that of the Reverend J. Frank Norris, of Fort Worth, Tx, who also maintained an itinerant pastoral charge in Detroit, Michigan. Like Spracklin, Norris also widely employed his considerable, rhetorical gifts in anti-liquor campaigning in opposition to local civic leaders and was himself acquitted of murdering an associate of the local mayor in 1926 on grounds of self-defence, which were later widely challenged. Norris, whose vigorous political views exercised a deep influence upon his seminary student John Birch and others, later undertook a wide, public ministry; however, the reputation of the Reverend J O L Spracklin never eclipsed the events of 1920.

See also

  • Ernest Charles Drury
  • Neighbourhoods of Windsor, Ontario#Sandwich
  • William Raney

References

Jump up^ Lindsey Rivait, ‘Rumrunners book recalls the Detroit-Windsor Funnel’, in: ‘The Lance’, October 21, 2009 [1]

  1. Jump up^ Chad Fraser, ‘Lake Erie stories: struggle and survival on a freshwater ocean’, p. 186
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c Chad Fraser, ‘Lake Erie stories: struggle and survival on a freshwater ocean’, p. 187
  3. Jump up^ Keefe, Rose (2014). The Fighting Parson: The Life of Reverend Leslie Spracklin. United States: Absolute Crime. p. 71.
  4. Jump up^ Chad Fraser, ‘Lake Erie stories: struggle and survival on a freshwater ocean’, p. p. 187-188
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b City Council Minutes, September 5, 2006, City of Windsor, p. 27
  6. Jump up^ Robert Bothwell, ‘A Short History of Ontario’, Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, Ltd., 1986, p. 126
  7. Jump up^ J. H. James, ‘Church Calendar’, in: ‘Cass City Chronicle’, January 16, 1931, p. 4 [2]

…from the Esquesing Historical Society

Methodist Church at corner of 22nd sideroad and the 5th line in Limehouse.

This New Connexion Church was built at Ashgrove in 1860, becoming part of first the Methodist Church and then the United Church.

A basement was put under the church in about 1925. When Hillcrest United Church was formed it was sold and moved to Limehouse where it is now a private residence.

Dressed for journeying in Newfoundland

Reverend Peck was a missionary in Claresholm, Alberta from 1904 until he went to Rocky Mountain House, Alberta in the 1930’s.

Rev. Joshua and Mrs. Dykes and daughter Leila 1885

First Methodist Church and parsonage, Calgary, Alberta.

Andrew Sibbald, at 25 years, Born 1833 and came to Morley in 1875 and was one of Alberta’s first teachers.

1858 Methodist missionary teacher, Morley, Alberta.

Andrew Sibbald, at 101 years of age, Methodist teacher at Morley, Alberta. 1934

James A. Youmans, married Mary Jane

Methodist missionary teacher. Went to the West in 1880

James A. Youmans and his wife, Mary Jane, McDougall Orphanage, Morley, Alberta

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