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Archive for May, 2013

Guelph Advertiser
February 27, 1851

The fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Guelph Branch Bible Society, took place in the Wesleyan Chapel, in this town, on the evening of Tuesday, the 18th inst.;

The chair was taken by C. J. Mickle, esq. and the Chapel was filled on the occasion.

The annual report was read by Mr. Hough, Secretary of the Society; and the following resolutions were passed:

Moved by Mr. A. Stephens, seconded by Rev R.Torrance,

1. That the report be adopted, and printed under the direction of the Committee.

Moved by the Rev. J.G. McGregor, seconded by the Rev. C. Gregor,

2. That this Branch Auxiliary Bible Society, considering the efforts of the worldly and unbelieving to pre-occupy the minds of men with the teeming productions of the press, which are either useless or positively hurtful to the interests of true religions: recognize it as their bouden duty as believers in devine revelation [sic] to endeavour to promote every scriptural scheme which has in view the spread of the pure Word of God, which contains the only effectual antidote against the moral poison thus intensively introduced and circulated by these impious and immoral publications.

Moved by the Rev. Spencer, seconded by the Rev. J.J. Braine

3. That in view of the determined efforts of the Man of Sin to oppose the truths of the Word of God, this Meeting would be impressed with the necessity of equally zealous efforts on the part of all true Protestants to promote the universal circulation of the Holy Scriptures, as the only and the sufficient rule, both of faith and practice.

Moved by the Rev. J. Richardson, seconded by John Inglis, esq.,

4. That the efforts of the Upper Canada Bible Society, in connection with this Branch, are crowned by the blessing of Almighty God, and that this consideration demands our gratitude, and should stimulate us to increased exertions; that the thanks of this meeting are due to the officers of this Society, and especially the Collectors, and that the following persons be appointed for the ensuing year:

President  — C. J. Mickle, esq.,

Vice Presidents – Revds C. Gregor, R. Torrance, W.S. Griffin, J.G. McGregor, John J. Braine, and J. Spencer;

A. J. Ferguson, esq., M.P.P. John McLean, esq., and Dr. Orton

Treasurer and Depository – T. Sandilands, esq.,

Secretary – Mr. James Hough

With a Committee of twelve gentlemen and eight ladies – Collectors

Charltens Directory of Guelph 1875 – Religions and Benevolant Societies:

Tract Society – This society was organized about the year 1857, and is a branch of the Upper Canada Tract Society

Bible Society – Guelph Branch Bible Society, held in the rooms of the Young Men’s Christian Association, Wyndham street, meets the first week in January of each year.

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“No judge on the bench more highly respected.” – Telegram

Hon. John Edward Rose B.A. M.A. LL.B. LL.D. judge and jurist was the son of the late  Rev. Samuel Rose D.D. (Meth), by his wife, Mary, daughter of John Street, of the Niagara District and was  born at Willowdale, Ontario on October 4, 1844. His brother was Rev. Samuel P. Rose

He was educated at the Dundas Grammar School, and at Victoria University, Cobourg B.A. 1864, M.A. 1867, LL B. 1867, LL D. 1885 He was called to the bar in 1867 and he commenced the practice of his profession alone, but his business grew to such an extent thar he was forced to call in outside assistance. Hence the firm of Rose, Macdonald, Merritt & Blackstock, of which he was the principal for many years, and which controlled one of the largest legal businesses in the Province. Mr. Rose was retained in many important cases, and was the advisory council for the Methodist Church, and of numerous corporations.

He published “The Canadian Conveyancer and Handy Book of Property Law” (3rd Ed. 1884).

Created a Q.C., by the Marquis of Lorne, 1881, he was raised to the bench as a Puisne Judge of the Common Pleas Division of the High Court of Justice of Ontario on December 4, 1883

His Lordship is a member of the Methodist Church and was formerly a Senator of Victoria University. He was appointed a Comnr. for the revision of the Ontario Statutes in 1886 and 1896, and also in the sames years, a Comnr for the revision and consolidation of the Rule of Practice under the J. Act Ont

Politically, was was formerly a Conservative.

As a judge, he has tried some cases of more than ordinary interest, including Reg. Vs. Connolly & McGreevy, and what are known as the St. George Railway accident cases, the trial of which began February 28, 1890 and the verdict given April 24 following.

He married in December 1868, Kate, daughter of the late Donald Macdonald, Toronto

from The Canadian Men and Women of the Time – A Hand-book of Canadian Biography 1898

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1898 – Henry A. Powell B.A. M.A., barrister and legislator, of Welsh descent, is the great-grandson of Caleb Powell, a U.E.L. and was born at Richibucto, New Brunswick on April 6, 1855.

He was educated at Kent County Grammar School and at Mount Allison University B.A. 1875, M.A. 1890.

Called to the bar, 1880, he has practised throughout at Sackville.

A Conservative politically, he sat, in that interest, for Westmoreland in the New Brunswick Assembly, 1890-1895, when he was returned to the House of Commons for the same constituency, and was re-elected at the last general election.

He is a Senator of Mount Allison University and in religion a Methodist.

He is pledged to support all temp. legislation which in his judgement is calculated to benefit the cause. He moved the address to reply to the Speech from the Throne in 1896

He married in June 1878, Allie, daughter of the Rev. George B. Payson and is living in Sackville, New Brunswick

from The Canadian Men and Women of the Time – A Hand-book of Canadian Biography 1898

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1898 – Herbert Harley Dewart, barrister, son of the Rev. Edward Hartley Dewart, was born at St. John’s, Quebec on November 9, 1861.

He was educated at Toronto Collegiate Institute and at Toronto University (B.A. 1883), he was called to the bar, 1886, and practised his profession in Toronto.

He was one of the founders of the Young Men’s Liberal Club, Toronto, and was its President, 1887-1888

In August 1891 he was appointed County Crown Attorney for York.

He has been for many years an examiner in English in Toronto University.

A Methodist in religion, he is a Liberal in politics.

He married in February 1891, Miss D.E. Smith of Sparta, Ontario

Thoroughly Canadian in sentiment, he is an advocate of all measures tending towards national development and he lives at 5 Elmsley Place, Toronto

from The Canadian Men and Women of the Time – A Hand-book of Canadian Biography 1898

In 1895 Dewart was thrust into the limelight when, during the headline-grabbing trial of seamstress Clara Ford for murder, Britton Bath Osler withdrew from the prosecution on account of his wife’s death. The case seemed open-and-shut – Ford had confessed – but Dewart was unequal to the wily, seasoned defence lawyer, Ebenezer Forsyth Blackie Johnston, and the jury made the extraordinary decision to acquit. Dewart’s silver (and frequently sharp) tongue had nonetheless attracted admiration from the press and fellow members of the bar. In 1899 he was made a QC, and his reputation grew as he helped prosecute some of the most colourful criminal cases at the turn of the century. Despite his later rise in politics, many contemporaries would hold him in greater esteem as a lawyer. After resigning as crown attorney in 1904, he continued in private practice, taking on civil work as well as criminal defences and acting as a solicitor for several prominent corporations, including the Canadian Pacific Railway. A leading member of the bar, he would be elected a bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada in 1911. Following his father’s example, he also found time to become involved in higher education (in 1906 he was elected to the senate of the University of Toronto, where he was an examiner in English), to write (on Irish-Canadian poetry among other topics), and to lecture. In January 1906, for instance, he addressed the Young Men’s Liberal Club on the “popular character of the policy of the Liberal government in dealing with corporate power.”

While in practice, the ambitious Dewart, an ardent admirer of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, carefully cultivated ties to both the federal and the provincial Liberal organizations. His occasional participation as an opposing counsel in public investigations strengthened his understanding of electoral and governmental machinations. He ran unsuccessfully in two federal elections: 1904 (Toronto South) and 1911 (York Centre). His public profile changed in August 1916 with his entry into the Ontario legislature following a by-election in Toronto Southwest, the first time the Liberals had taken a Toronto seat since 1890. Though Dewart was a parliamentary neophyte, his aggressive debating skills, eloquence, and sterling legal talents soon shone.

Propelled and sometimes hampered by a streak of independence, he did not hesitate to take controversial stands on such sensitive issues as Prohibition and wartime conscription, both of which he opposed on constitutional grounds. From the time of his election he openly disavowed Liberal temperance policy, a stand that started a bitter feud with party leader Newton Wesley Rowell. The split was exacerbated by Rowell’s move in 1917 to the federal Union government, which Dewart and other so-called Laurier Liberals vigorously disliked. In June 1919 Dewart managed to take the Liberal leadership in Ontario, only to be denounced by Rowell and the Liberal press. The Christian Guardian dismissed him as the “chief representative of the liquor interests in the legislature.”

Shortly after assuming the helm, Dewart faced his first test, the election of October 1919. Although it had been 14 years since the Liberals were in power, he set his sights on the premiership, but he misjudged the target. Party divisions undermined Liberal chances. Moreover, by focusing on his long-time rival, Conservative campaign manager (and future leader) George Howard Ferguson, he miscalculated; like many urban politicians, he underestimated the simmering discontent among rural Ontarians. Voters found a protest voice in the upstart United Farmers of Ontario. During their turbulent four-year term, the irascible Dewart censured them relentlessly, especially Premier Ernest Charles Drury and Attorney General W. E. Raney, but, with the Liberals plagued by internal discontent, he was unable to steer the party effectively in opposition. In 1921, suffering from ill health and bitter over the infighting, he relinquished his leadership to Liberal whip Francis Wellington Hay*. In the house, however, his combativeness continued unchecked. In May 1922, as Raney’s bill authorizing a tax on racetrack betting was about to receive royal assent, Dewart, in “unprecedented” and “sensational” fashion, stood up and asked Lieutenant Governor Henry Cockshutt if he had been advised of the bill’s constitutionality. His final hour in electoral politics closed in June 1923 when he was soundly defeated by an undistinguished Conservative.

Dewart did not sink into a life of contemplation. He continued in private practice and later in 1923 he was appointed to the commission charged with producing a new consolidation of the statutes of Canada. That same year rumours circulated about his appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada, a post for which he likely yearned. Aged 62, he died at Brookdale, his country home near Uxbridge – obituaries assigned overwork as a cause – and was buried in Toronto’s Necropolis. He was survived by his wife, mother, and brother. At his funeral, the roster of honorary pall-bearers, among them Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, and the messages of condolence from the likes of Ernest Lapointe, Mackenzie’s minister of justice, suggest that Dewart, had he lived, might well have received further rewards for his decades of public service and party loyalty…from the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online – CAROLYN STRANGE

The tale of the Massey’s bad seed and the family maid.

Excerpts from:

Historicist: A Massey Family Murder
By Kevin Plummer

Returning from work one early evening in February 1915, Charles “Bert” Massey – of the Masseys, they of Massey Hall and Massey College—walked towards his fashionable brick residence at 169 Walmer Road. As he approached the front door, his young English servant, Carrie Davies, burst out, brandishing a revolver. Shouting “You ruined my life,” according to a Toronto Globe (February 27, 1915) account, she raised the weapon and fired.

The shot was wild, but her second struck Massey in the chest. Attempting to flee, he stumbled to the sidewalk, falling as neighbours, who’d heard the gunfire, rushed to give assistance. Within minutes, he was dead.

Davies was brought to trial for the shooting later that same month, before Chief Justice William Mulock. Among the usual assortment of prostitutes, drunks, and vagrants in the women’s court, Davies stood out, looking “like a mild and gentle Sunday school pupil,” in the words of the Telegram.

To begin the trial, the prosecuting attorney, E.E.A. Du Vernet, argued that because Massey had not succeeded in his assault, his murder was not justified. Although his efforts were seen as half-hearted by some observers, as Carolyn Strange writes in detailed account of the case in the anthology Gender Conflicts (University of Toronto Press, 1992), Du Vernet implored the jury to find her guilty of manslaughter.

Davies’ own lawyer, Hartley Dewart, did not dispute the prosecution’s factual reconstruction of the killing, but pled for mercy. He emphasized her modesty and virtuous reputation. (Dewart even established Davies’ virginity, according to the standards of the day, by calling to the stand a doctor who had examined her physically.)

“The attack gave the girl only one alternative,” Dewart argued in his closing statement. “If she did not defend herself against this man she would have been a fallen woman, an outcast, one more sacrifice. Let that sink into your mind. It was not manslaughter. It was brute-slaughter.”

The jury arrived at their decision in under half an hour of deliberation. Verdict: not guilty.

The crowd in the court-room was jubilant. The elderly judge had tears in his eyes as the admitted killer was pronounced innocent. “Thank you, Judge,” Carrie Davies responded, “and thank you gentlemen of the jury.” She had played the part of the deferential maiden perfectly, Strange suggests, while her lawyer, the judge and jury had taken the role of being her chivalrous protectors.

In the wake of the sensationalistic trial, Dewart was elected to the provincial legislature in 1916, becoming leader of the Ontario Liberal Party not long afterward. Due in part to his role in Davies’ trial, the Star‘s management actively worked to prevent Dewart from becoming premier in the 1919 election. After losing in that race, Dewart retired from politics.

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Zion_Kitchenersepia

Zion Evangelical United Brethren Church – Berlin, Ontario

The name – The Evangelical United Brethren Church – is a composite name taken when the Evangelical Church and the United Brethren in Christ Church united in 1946.

Both denominations had their rise in the Revivalism Period of the early 1800’s in the eastern United States. Both Churches felt called to minister to the large numbers of German-speaking people migrating from Europe and settling chiefly in Pennsylvania and the eastern States.

The Evangelical Church came into being through the efforts of Jacob Albright, a humble but devout tile-maker who resided near Pottstown Pennsylvania. Upon his conversion he joined the Methodist Episcopal Church and soon became a class leader. His great concern was that the Methodist Church should go out in a ministry in the German language to the throngs of settlers who could not understand or use the English language.

Receiving permission to go out in this ministry, he was well received, and soon had founded Classes, appointed Class Leaders, and became an Exhorter to those Leaders. This movement developed to such an extent in Pennsylvania and the neighbouring States that by 1807 these groups and their Leaders were formed into what was called “The Newly Formed Methodist Conference”. Jacob Albright was appointed a Minister, and later became the first Bishop of the new Church.

At first there was no intention of separaing from the Methodist Episcopal Church, but as the movement developed , separate Conferences were held in the German language, and eventually in 1816 at the First General Conference, the new denomination came into being under the name – The Evangelical Association, which later, in 1922, was changed to “The Evangelical Church”.

The United Brethren in Christ Church came into being at approximately the same perior, and in the same area of the eastern States. The founders were Philip William Otterbein, a German Reformed Church minister from Germany, and Martin Boehm, a Mennonite who collaborated in 1800 to form “The Church of the United Brethren in Christ”.

Both of these Leaders had been greatly influenced by the preaching of a Methodist minister, the Rev. George Whitfield. Both were friends of Rev. Francis Asbury, and later Otterbein assisted in the consecration of Asbury as the first Bishop of the newly-formed “Methodist Episcopal Church in America”. Only the fact that these Leaders too felt called to minister in the German Language to the German settlers, led them to form their separate denomination.

Both the Evangelical Church, and the United Brethren were organized according to the Methodist Episcopal Polity, with Bishops and Superintendents, with orders of Deacons and Elders to the Ministry, and Lay Class Leaders and Exhorters. They both met in Annual and General Conferences. Their Books of Discipline were patterned after the Methodist Book, and their Articles of Faith were taken almost verbatim from the Doctrines of the Methodist Church.

Since both denominations were ministering to German people in the German language they were often moving into the same areas where the immigrants had settled. Accordingly in their early eras of expansion, they moved almost simultaneously westward from the eastern States into the States of Ohio, Erie, New York, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and eventually on into the western States. In the early 1800’s both denominations also moved into Upper Canada to establish congregations and Conferences in Ontario. These congregations, in both instances, at first were part of Conferences in the State of New York.

Evangelical Church

The first congregation of the Evangelical Church was established in Berlin, Ontario in 1839. In 1837 a stirring Camp meeting was held in a woods now in Waterloo near the Moses Springer Park, where a National Site Marker indicates the place. Following this Camp meeting, which was attended by Bishop John Seybert from Pennsylvania, two Classes were formed, one in Berlin, the other in Waterloo. In 1841 the first Church was built on Scott St. to house the first congregation in Ontario and named Zion Evangelical Church. A second larger Church was built on Queen St. south opposite Church St. in 1866, and in 1893 the present sanctuary on Weber St. was constructed.

Other early Evangelical Churches were built in Waterloo in 1851, in Lexington, in Wallenstein and in Woolwich. As the Church expanded, congregations were established throughout the counties of Waterloo, Huron, Bruce and Grey, and in the areas of Hamilton, Niagara, along Lake Erie, in the Ottawa Valley, and in the Parry Sound District. Again, wherever there were settlements of German-speaking people, there the Church moved in to minister to them.

As the Church expanded, the congregations felt that they should be organized into a Conference of their own. Accordingly, the ministers and churches were separated from the New York Conference and in 1864 the first Canada Conference was formed. Later, ministers and missionaries went into the prairie Provinces and established congregations among the German settlers there. In 1926 a second Conference was organized, named the Northwest Canada Conference, and bringing together all congregations in the Prairie Provinces and in British Columbia.

United Brethren in Christ Church

The United Brethren in Christ Church moved into Ontario as early as 1825 with Missionary Preachers coming from the United Brethren New York and Pennsylvania Conferences. These Missionaries established Congregations in the Niagara area, the Sheffield-Beverly area, and eventually in Berlin. The first Ontarion Conference was held in 1856 in the village of Sheffield.

from Rev. Emerson Hallman

Guelph Evangelical Chapel Opened – May 10, 1857

On Sunday, May 10th, a chapel, intended for the Evangelical Union congregation, was opened, sermons being preached by Rev. R. Peden of Hamilton, who was assisted in the devotional exercises by Rev. E. Barker of Eramosa, and Rev. John McDougall, pastor of the church. The Chapel, capable of holding between two and three hundred persons, was well filled at all services. On Monday evening a tea meeting was held, following by a public meeting, Rev. J. McDougall in the chair. Addresses were delivered by Rev. R. Paul (Primitive Methodist), Rev. Dr. Cooney (Wesleyan), Rev. E. Barker (Congregationalist), Rev. J. Clarke (Baptist), and Rev. R. Peden (Evangelical Union).

…from  “Annals of the Town of Guelph – 1827-1877” by C. Acton Burrows

Tavistock Evangelical Methodist Church

The Evangelical Methodist Church, a frame edifice was opened in 1869 with Rev. John Staeppler in charge.

In 1835 Rev. Donald McKenzie of Zorra made numerous calls on the pioneers of Easthopes.
He performed to first baptism, that of Duncan, seventh child of James Stewart and Catharine Fraser on Lot 30 Con 2

In 1840, August 15th., Rev. Daniel Allan from Glasgow, Scotland became pastor of St. Andrew’s in Stratford. By this time services had been transferred fromthe Bell home to the log school just west of the grave yard. He was pastor for 31 years.

Rev. John Bell preached from 1857 to 1876. George Hyde, Charles McTavish, Robert Fraser, and John Stewart were elders.

The material for building the new church was brought from New Hamburg, 12 miles away, by sleighs drawn by oxen. When this work was done on Lot 26 Con 5 no one in the community had horses.

In 1881 they united with Tavistock. Previous to 1867 the congregation held meetings in the log school on the corner of Lot 20 Con 11 the farm of William Amos.

Rev. Thomas Stephen was supply minister. In 1859 James McDonald and peter Stewart appointed as elders.

Oetzel’s Church on Lot 5 Con 6 was a log building. The Evangelicals built a stone church in 1852. The first Sabbath School was founded by Charles Strosser in 1848. Other membvers were the Hamels and the Falks.

Sebastopol was first settled in 1830 by Henry Heyrock, Henry Schaefer and Henry Eckstein. In 1848 Eckstein built a tavern for the Canada Company. Rev. Horn was first minister in 1832. The church had a clock in its tower..

Sabbath days were kept sacred, as days of worship and rest. A fine was imposed on anyone neglecting to keep the Lord’s Day. No one was allowed to travel the roads except to church service. No baseball or other games were played.

from Reveries of a Pioneer – Perth County

by Vera Ernst McNichol

Churches:

Aldboro, Berlin, New Hamburg, St. Jacobs, Waterloo, South Cayuga, Carrick, Fullarton, Stoney Creek, Campden, Sebringville, Lingelbach’s, Mildmay, Crediton, Zurich, Chesley-Hamilton, Wallace, Tavistock, Port Elgin, Dashwood, Alice, Elmira, Bismark, Hanover, Milverton, Pembroke, Alsfeldt, Kitchener, Golden Lake, Stratford, Bridgeport, Pelham, Calvary, Olivet-Woolwich, St. Timothy’s-Zion, Oetzel’s, Roseville, Wilmot Centre, Bethel, Floradale, Linden Park, Morriston, Attercliffe Station, Rainham, Kohler, Selkirk, Willoughby, Elmwood, Ayton, Bruce, Clifford, Kurtzville Arnprior, Arnstein, Rye, Augsburg, Wilberforce, Letterkenny, Emmanuel, Palmer Rapids, Rostock, Rosenthal, Oak Ridge, Rodney, South Easthope, McKillop, Lisbon, Locksley, Killaloe, Listowel, Petawawa, Schutt

Ministers:

Rev. J.G. Staebler, Rev. John Lingelbach, Rev. Jacob Anthes, Rev. Holtzman, Rev L. Rothaermel, Rev. W. Sauer, Rev. S. Weber, Rev. F. Herlan, Rev. J. Thede, Rev. G. Finkbeiner, Rev. F. Scharffe, Rev. J. Hauch, Rev. E. Eby, Rev. H. Dierlamm, Rev. S.L. Umbach, Rev. Jacob Walter, Rev. A. Geiger, Rev. J. Umbach, Rev. E. Graff, Rev. H.A. Thomas, Rev. L.P. Amacher, Rev. D. Reider, Rev. D. Kreh, Rev. G. Domm, Rev. H.G. Schmidt, Rev. George Braun, Rev. A. Haist, Rev. L. Wittich, Rev. S. Krupp, Rev. Isaac Lachman, Rev. M. Wing, Rev. J.C.Morlock, Rev. L. Eidt, Rev. E.D. Becker, Rev. J.G. Burn, Rev. D.H. Clemens, Rev. W.S. Henrich, Rev. J.K. Schwalm, Rev. J.G. Litt, Rev. August Getz, Rev. J.A. Schmitt, Rev. J, Morley, Rev. W.J. Yager, Rev. J.W. Groh, Rev. A.W. Sauer,
Rev. A.F. Stoltz, Rev. W.Y. Dreier, Rev. W.J. Zimmerman, Rev. K. Gretzenger, Rev. S.L. Hauch, Rev. Emil Burn, Rev. J.P.Hauch, Rev. L.H. Wagner, Rev. G.F. Brown, Rev. J.H. Grenzebach, Rev. F. Meyer, Rev. S. Knechtel, Rev. E.H. Bean, Rev. I.C. Armstrong, Rev. W.O. Hatne,  Rev. F.B. Meyer, Rev. E.E. Domm, Rev. J.S. Burn, Rev. H.H. Leibold, Rev. H.A. Kellerman, Rev. A. Clemens, Rev. C.H. Cornwell, Rev.W.E. Breese, Rev. J. Wettlaufer, Rev. L. Pletch, Rev. G.A. Beacroft, Rev. C,R. Kauth, Rev. N. Reibling, Rev. E. Gishler, Rev. M. Geil, Rev. O. Hallman, Rev. A.T. Nash

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Rev. George W. Rich

Charges:

1863 received on trial at Paisley, 1864 Keppel, 1865 Wawanosh, 1866 Mooretown, 1867 expelled

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Rev. Alexander Potts

Charges:

1846-47 Received on trial, 1848 Sidney, 1849 Bowmanville, 1850 withdrew

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