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Archive for September, 2013

CassburnMeth

Cassburn Methodist Church 1903

CASSBURN

A post office in Longueuil Township, Prescott County, 2 miles south of L’Orignal the county seat, and 5 miles west of Hawkesbury, the nearest railway and banking point. It contains Methodist, Catholic and Presbyterian churches and public school. Stage daily to Vankleek Hill, L’Orignal and Caledonia Springs. Pop, 200.

R H Marston, Postmaster

Graham R W, blacksmith
McEvoy I F, flour mill
Pilon M, grocer

…from 1898-99 Eastern Ontario Gazetteer and Directory

CASSBURN, a post village near the Ottawa River in Prescott County. Ontario, 4 miles from the C P R station of Vankleek Hill, 8 miles east of Caledonia Springs, 2 1/2 miles from L’Orignal, a proposed station on the C. N. Ontario Ry. to Ottawa, and midway between Montreal and Ottawa city. It has 1 Methodist church and 1 blacksmith shop. Pop. about 250. ...from Lovell’s 1906 Canada Gazetteer

In 1840 the Methodist congregation built a large stone church on land granted by Nathaniel Treadwell. The church was demolished in 1903 and the present brick church was built on the same land by David Steele.

L’Original was the chief town of the united Counties of Preseott and Russell, situated on the River Ottawa, in the township of Longuiel, Ontario. Distant from Montreal 66 miles, from Ottawa City 59 miles.

Members:

Ministers:

1841 Rev. George B. Butcher

1842-1843 Rev. George Beynon

1843 Rev. James Elliott

1844 Rev. James Hughes

1844 Rev. Charles Taggart

1845  Rev. James Armstrong

1846-1847 Rev. Joseph Reynolds

1846 Rev. Thomas Hanna

1847 Rev. Erastus Hurlburt

1848-1849 Rev. James Greener

1848 Rev. John B. Armstrong

1849 Rev. Noble Armstrong 

1850-1852 Rev, David C. Clappison

1850 Rev. Richard M. Hammond

1851 Rev. Henry McDowell

1852 Rev. Silas Huntington

1853-1856 Rev. William Morton

1853 Rev. Robert Hobbs

1854-1855 Rev. Andrew Armstrong

1855 Rev. James Roy

1856 Rev. Joseph Kilgour

1857-1858 Rev. Richard M. Hammond

1857-1858 Rev. John D. Pugh

1859-1860 Rev. Edmund E. Sweet.

1859 Rev. Archelaus Doxee

1860 Rev. John Hyndman

1861-1863 Rev. William S. Blackstock

1861 Rev. Samuel W. Messmore

1863 Rev. Isaac Gold

1864-1865 Rev. William D. Brown

1864 Rev. Thomas G. Williams

1865 Rev. Hobart Bell

1866-1867 Rev. David Chalmers

1867 Rev. Daniel Connelly

1870  Rev. George Kennedy

1881 Rev. Silas Huntington

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BROUSEGEORGE, farmer, businessman, office holder, justice of the peace, politician, and militia officer; born 1790 in Matilda Township (Ont.), son of Peter Brouse and Eliza ——; married Catherine Carman, and they had two sons and five daughters; died on February 12, 1860 in Iroquois, Upper Canada.

George Brouse’s father, a resident of Stone Arabia, N.Y., served during the American revolution as a private in the King’s Royal Regiment of New York [seeSir John Johnson]. Discharged in 1783, he and other members of the regiment settled a year later in Township No.5 (Matilda) on the St Lawrence River. When he died in 1810, George, his elder son, inherited the west half of the “homestead” (lot 22, concession 1 of Matilda Township). Acquiring more land in the area over a period of years by grant, as the son of a loyalist, and by purchase, George eventually owned at least 900 acres. He farmed extensively, raising livestock and growing a variety of crops including apples and vegetables. During the War of 1812 he suffered losses of livestock, farm equipment, and personal effects on two occasions: in 1813 at the hands of the invading army of Major-General James Wilkinson, and in 1814 from a party of British seamen en route west.

sawmillBrouse’s property included part of an area on the shore of the St Lawrence known as Point Iroquois. A settlement, first called Matilda and later Iroquois, grew up there around a general store opened by Brouse evidently after 1814. In the 1820s he began building a steam-driven mill complex, which comprised a flour- and grist-mill, a sawmill and shingle factory, and a woollen-mill. His enterprises made him a prosperous and prominent figure in the area. He built one of the village’s largest houses, and reputedly employed a black servant and kept a racehorse.

In 1810 Peter Brouse had converted George and his brother Peter to Methodism but according to Rev.  John Saltkill Carroll “merchandize cooled George’s heart till the great revival in 1822, when he was restored, and became a life long steward of the Church.” Brouse also occupied a number of local offices. On 5 July 1828 he was appointed postmaster, a position he held for at least 20 years. He sat with Peter Shaver for one term (1828–30) as a member of the provincial assembly for Dundas but does not appear to have had a strong political orientation prior to the 1828 election. William Lyon Mackenzie  listed him under “political sentiments not known” in the Colonial Advocate of 26 June 1828, although in the house Brouse voted consistently with the reform majority. His local prominence was enhanced by his appointment as captain in the 2nd Regiment of Dundas militia on 30 Jan. 1839, and in 1847 he received his first commission as a justice of the peace.

The growth of both the village of Iroquois and Brouse’s business, which from 1847 included a telegraph office in his store, was stimulated by the completion of the Point Iroquois Canal (1847) and the Grand Trunk Railway (built between Montreal and Brockville in 1854–55). Brouse was influential in having Iroquois incorporated as a village in 1857 and served as its first reeve. His sons, George William and Guy Carleton, inherited and continued his farming and mercantile activities in Matilda Township. One daughter, Abigail Ann, married William Patrick, a reform member of the Legislative Assembly..J. K. Johnson…from Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

AO, RG 22, ser.198, George Brouse. BLHU, R. G. Dun & Co. credit ledger, Canada, 14: 42. PAC, MG 25, 14; RG 1, E3, 8: 10; L3, 37: B10/52; RG 9, I, B5, 6; RG 19, 3746, claim 409. Can., Prov. of, Legislative Assembly, Appto the journals, 1846, app.F. “Land board minutes, etc.,” AO Report, 1905: cxxxv. “Settlements and surveys,” PAC Report, 1891, note A: 5, 13, 17. “Surveyors’ letters, notes, instructions, etc., from 1788 to 1791,” AOReport, 1905: 463. U.C., House of Assembly, Journal, 1829–30. Colonial Advocate, 26 June 1828. Ottawa Citizen, 17 Feb. 1860. Armstrong, Handbook of Upper Canadian chronology, 69, 80. Canada directory, 1857–58; 1864–65. “1828 Upper Canada election results table,” comp. R. S. Sorrell, OH, 63 (1971): 68. Illustrated historical atlas of the counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, Ont., comp. H. Belden (Toronto, 1879; repr. Owen Sound, Ont., 1972). W. D. Reid, The loyalists in Ontario: the sons and daughters of the American loyalists of Upper Canada (Lambertville, N.J., 1973). A. L. Burt, The old province of Quebec (2v., Toronto, 1968), 2: 89–90. Carroll, Case and his cotemporaries, 1: 8, 207, 209. J. S. Carter, The story of Dundas . . . (Iroquois, Ont., 1905; repr. Belleville, Ont., 1973), 171, 347–48, 351, app.B. J. G. Harkness, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry: a history, 1784–1945 (Oshawa, Ont., 1946), 154.

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GARRETTSONFREEBORN, Methodist minister; born on August 15, 1752 in Maryland near the mouth of the Susquehanna River, son of John Garrettson and Sarah Merriarter, née Hanson; married on June 30, 1793 Catharine Livingston in Rhinebeck, N.Y., and they had one daughter; died on September 26 1827 in New York City and was buried in Rhinebeck.

Freeborn Garrettson was a member of a wealthy Anglican family, but as a young man he fell under the influence of itinerant Methodist Preachers. In 1775 he had a traumatic conversion experience – “my soul was exceeding happy,” he later wrote, “that I seemed as if I wanted to take wings and fly to heaven. “He freed his slaves, and in due course resolved to become a Methodist preacher. Beginning his ministerial work in 1776 as a preacher-on-trial, he itinerated widely for the next several years in Maryland and neighbouring states. As a pacifist, he wanted to have nothing to do with the American revolution, explaining that “it was contrary to my mind, and grievous to my conscience, to have any hand in shedding human blood,” and he carefully pursued a policy of neutrality despite much persecution from the patriots. He was ordained a Methodist minister at a conference held in Baltimore in December 1784, the same conference that witnessed the creation of the Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States.

For more than 50 years Garrettson preached his evangelical Methodist gospel from North Carolina to Nova Scotia, being responsible for thousands of conversions. He was an indefatigable itinerant and a powerful preacher and committed to centralized control at the expense of congregational independence. Even though he spent only 26 months in Nova Scotia, it may be argued that next to Henry Alline, Garrettson was the most gifted and influential preacher in 18th-century Nova Scotia. His coming to that province occurred immediately after his ordination. The 1784 conference, encouraged by John Wesley, Thomas Coke – Wesley’s able lieutenant – and William Black, the leader of Nova Scotia Methodists, appointed Garrettson and James Oliver Cromwell as special missionaries to Nova Scotia. The death of Alline had created a religious vacuum in the province, and this fact, together with the arrival of many thousands of loyalists (some of whom were Methodists), seemed to provide an opportunity for the Methodists to break the Allinite–New Light hegemony over much of the colony.

Garrettson and Cromwell sailed from New York for Halifax in the middle of February 1785. On his arrival Garrettson received offers of assistance from Governor John Parr and the Reverend John Breynton, the Anglican rector of St Paul’s Church, and over the next few weeks he preached in Halifax in a house rented by Philip Marchinton. In late March he set out on his first missionary tour. During his sojourn in the colony, Garrettson was to visit almost every settlement apart from Pictou. He was particularly successful in the Yankee-Allinite heartland stretching from Falmouth down the Annapolis valley to Granville and Yarmouth, and then up the southern shore to the Argyle district, Liverpool, and Chester. In this region he took advantage of the work done not only by Alline but also by Alline’s supporters such as Thomas Handley Chipman and John Payzant. As well, Garrettson was able to build upon the evangelistic labours of Black in the Chignecto-Cumberland region and Halifax, and he also broke new missionary ground in the loyalist centre of Shelburne. One of the men he recruited to the Methodist standard, James Man, was to have a long and distinguished ministerial career in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

Garrettson attracted large and enthusiastic audiences who were drawn by his charismatic personality to his emotional and pietistic message. Though he was sometimes violently attacked by disciples of Alline because of his criticism of aspects of Alline’s theology, Garrettson was nevertheless able to trigger in 1785 and 1786 a major revival in the colony, which he referred to as “this visitation of the Spirit.” The stress he placed on “Free Grace” and on the possibility of sanctification, as well as the warm fellowship provided by the “Class Meetings,” appealed to those many Nova Scotians who wanted the old evangelical Christianity of Alline but not the antinomian excesses of some of Alline’s followers.

“I have had a blessed winter among them,” Garrettson reported to Wesley on 10 March 1787. “If the work continues much longer as it has done, the greater part of the people will be brought in.” Yet, despite his optimism, Garrettson left Nova Scotia in April, never to return. He felt compelled to go back to his native land because, as he explained, “I was not clear that I had a call to leave the United States.” When he left Nova Scotia, the Methodists were the fastest-growing religious group in the colony and on the verge of pushing the New Lights to the dark periphery of historical oblivion. Yet within two decades the Methodists had been overtaken by a burgeoning Baptist movement led by a remarkable group of young, dynamic preachers such as Harris Harding, Joseph Dimock, Theodore Seth Harding, and James and Edward Manning, the first three of whom had been converted during the Garrettson revival. The talents of these Baptist preachers as well as other factors – Garrettson’s departure from the colony, the absence of strong indigenous Methodist leadership, the poor quality of Methodist missionaries from Great Britain, and the decision of American Methodists to concentrate in the United States – significantly weakened the Methodist movement in Nova Scotia after 1786.

When Garrettson returned from Nova Scotia a plan was afoot, apparently devised by Wesley and supported by Francis Asbury of the United States, to have him appointed general superintendent of Methodist missions in British North America and the West Indies. For some reason, however, nothing came of this scheme. Instead Garrettson continued to labour as an itinerant preacher, and for many years he served as presiding elder of the New York District. He had an estate at Rhinebeck and used his considerable wealth, augmented further by his marriage into the Livingston family, to support the Methodist cause, particularly in New York state. Until his death in 1827, Garrettson remained an ardent critic of the “crying sin” of slavery and an enthusiastic and committed disciple of John Wesley….George A. Rawlyk…from Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

Freeborn Garrettson’s manuscript journal and other papers are in the Garrettson coll. at Drew Univ. Library (Madison, N.J.); photocopies of correspondence relating to British North America and a microfilm copy of the journal are available at the UCC-C. Various published editions of material from the journal have been produced; the following were consulted in the preparation of this biography: The life of the RevFreeborn Garrettson; compiled from his printed and manuscript journals and other authentic documents, comp. Nathan Bangs (4th ed., New York, 1838) and American Methodist pioneer: the life and journals of the RevFreeborn Garrettson, 1752–1827, ed. and intro. R. D. Simpson (Rutland, Vt., 1984). An autobiographical address delivered by Garrettson in 1826 before the New York Annual Conference appeared the following year under the title “Methodism in America,” Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine (London), 50 (1827): 672–76, 740–45, 810–15.

The New Light letters and spiritual songs, 1778–1793, ed. G. A. Rawlyk (Hantsport, N.S., 1983). R. Reece, “Death of the Rev. Freeborn Garrettson,” Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine, 50: 861. DAB. W. C. Barclay, History of Methodist missions (3v., New York, 1949–59), 1. S. D. Clark, Church and sect in Canada (Toronto, 1948). G. [S.] French,Parsons & politics: the rôle of the Wesleyan Methodists in Upper Canada and the Maritimes from 1780 to 1855 (Toronto, 1962). J. T. Hughes, An historical sketch of the life of Freeborn Garrettson, pioneer Methodist preacher (Rhinebeck, N.Y., 1977). G. A. Rawlyk, “Freeborn Garrettson and Nova Scotia” (paper presented to the World Methodist Hist. Soc., Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Ky., 1984); Ravished by the spirit: religious revivals, Baptists, and Henry Alline (Kingston, Ont., and Montreal, 1984). Matthew Richey, A memoir of the late RevWilliam Black, Wesleyan minister, Halifax, N.S., including an account of the rise and progress of Methodism in Nova Scotia . . . (Halifax, 1839). T. W. Smith, History of the Methodist Church within the territories embraced in the late conference of Eastern British America . . . (2v., Halifax, 1877–90). Abel Stevens, The women of Methodism . . . (New York, 1866). N. A. McNairn, “Mission to Nova Scotia, “Methodist Hist. (Lake Junalaska, N.C.), 12 (1973–74), no.2: 3–18. W.J. Vesey, “Freeborn Garrettson: apostle to Nova Scotia,” Methodist Hist., 1 (1962–63), no.4: 27–30.

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londesboroughmeth1908

Londesborough Methodist Church – 1908

 

LONDESBOROUGH, a thriving post village in Huron County, Ontario on the River Maitland, and on the London, Huron and Bruce division of the G.T.R. 59 miles from London, and 7 miles from Clinton. It contains 2 churches (Presbyterian  and Methodist), telegraph and express offices, 9 stores, 1 hotel, 1 grist mill, 2 blacksmith shops and 1 carriage factory. Pop. 250  ..from Lovell’s 1906 Canada Gazetteer

hur m LondesboroughHullett

Londesborough – A village in the township of Hullett, County of Huron, Ontario. It was formerly part of Clinton Circuit. Distant from Clinton 6 miles.

Members:

Ministers:

1870-1871 Rev. Thomas Cleworth

1870   Rev. Coverdale Watson

1871 Rev. Samuel Sellery

1872-1873  Rev. Isaac Crane

1881-1882  Rev. Christopher Hamilton

1889-1891  Rev. James Ferguson

1893-1895  Rev. Hugh J. Fair

1902  Rev. John Kennedy

1922  Rev.  W.R. Osborne

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Lloydtown – A village in the township of King, County of York, Ontario. It was formerly part of Bradford Circuit. Distant from Toronto 36 miles.

The Lloydtown Rebellion of 1837 was part of the Upper Canada Rebellion. During the 1830s, Lloydtown was well known as a site for reform sympathisers, and regular meetings were hosted by Jesse Lloyd. On November 24, 1837, a final meeting to review plans was held between Lloyd and William Lyon Mackenzie. Hoping to take advantage of the departure of troops to Lower Canada in response to the Lower Canada Rebellion, Mackenzie had planned to seize a government arms cache in York on December 7.

Ministers:

1856-1859 Rev. George McRitchie

1859-1860  Rev. Joseph L. Sanders

1861-1862  Rev. Matthew Swann

1863-1865  Rev. Alexander R. Campbell

1866-1868  Rev. William Hay

1866  Rev. Jeremiah A. Chapman

1868  Rev. Joseph W. Sparling

1869  Rev. George F. Reynolds

1869-1870  Rev. George Browne

1871-1873  Rev. Peter Addison

1872-1873  Rev. George J. Bishop

1877 Rev. Richard Clarke

1895 Rev. B.R. Strangways

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KirktonUC

 

KIRKTON, a post village, on the line between Perth and Huron counties, Ontario, situated on Fish Creek, 10 miles from Exeter Station, on the G.T.R. It contains Anglican and Methodist churches, 6 stores, 1 hotel, 1 chopping mill, 1 carriage factory and telephone office, A railway is expected to run through this place to Goderich and Kincardine. Pop. 300  ...from Lovell’s 1906 Canada Gazetteer

hur m KirktonUsborne

Church History

Kirkton – A village in the township of Usborne, County of Huron, Ontario. Distant from St. Mary’s 10 miles. It was formerly part of St. Mary’s Circuit.

 

 

1908 Kirton Methodist Manse

1908 Kirton Methodist Manse

Members:

Ministers:

1869  Rev. Joseph William Holmes

1869  Rev. Edward H. Taylor

1869  Rev. Charles Roffe

1870-1872  Rev. Charles Stringfellow

1870-1872  Rev. James Turner

1872  Rev. Thomas H. McNair

1873-1874  Rev. Henry Reid

1875-1876  Rev. James Goodwin

1877-1879  Rev. John L. Kerr

1884-1885  Rev. Ezra Adams Fear

1887  Rev. James Charlton

1888-1890  Rev. John Kenner

1898-1900  Rev. John E. Ball

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EpworthMethKingsvillesmall

KINGSVILLE, an incorporated village of Ontario, in Essex County, on Lake Erie, and on Pere Marquette Railway, 29 miles from Windsor. It contains 3 churches, telegraph and express offices, 3 hotels, 22 stores, canning, handle and sash and door factories, saw, flour and planing mills, 2 private banks, agencies of Molsons and Union Banks, 1 woollen mill, tobacco and cigar factory, and a printing office issuing a weekly paper. Kingsville is a port of entry. It is the centre of the natural gas system in Essex, and is famous as a summer resort; splendid harbor. Pop. 1,557  ...from Lovell’s 1906 Canada Gazetteer

ess m KingsvilleGosfield

Church History

KINGSVILLE. A village in the Township of Gosfield, County of Essex, Ontario.

Epworth Methodist Church, located in Kingsville, Ontario, Canada, has a long history, with roots dating back to 1817 when a small log Methodist chapel was built in the Kingsville area.

Property for the church at its current location was purchased in 1891 and construction completed in 1893. In honour of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, the new church was called Epworth Methodist Church, after his birthplace of Epworth Rectory in England

Members:

Ministers:

1866-1868  Rev. Thomas Atkinson

1866 Rev. William Magwood

1867  Rev. Matthew Robison

1868  Rev. George Clarke

1866-1869 Rev. Thomas Atkinson

1869-1871  Rev. Ezra A. Stafford,

1869  Rev. Edwin McCollum

1872-1873 Rev. David Hunt

1875  Rev. William C. Watson

1881  Rev. Thomas D. Pearson

1889-1891  Rev. William Bryers

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